Friday 22nd May
Starter of the day
Make a relax box. Fill it with ideas that make you feel calm. You can add to this and then use it if you are feeling out of sorts.
Watch the video on calculating change then practise and check your answers.
Complete these questions and make sure your answers are only using coin/notes available.
A) Sam has £1. He buys a lollipop for 55 p. How much change does he receive?
B) Daniel has a five pound note. He buys a magazine for £3 and 60 p. How much change does he get?
C) Jo buys a teddy which costs £3 and 25 p. He pays using a £5 note. What change will he receive?
D) Neil buys a bike for £339 and 78 p. He hands the cashier £400. What change will he receive?
Can your create your own real life questions and calculate the exact change needed?
Reading: Extract 21
DAY XX OF JULIUS
We were supposed to leave for the country today, but during a thunderstorm last night, lightning bolts flashed in the direction of the Sabine Hills and everyone (but me) feared it was a sign that we should not travel. To check whether it was a bad omen my mistress went to the temple of Jupiter Tonans, a thunder god, taking with her an offering of chicken. (Cytheris says she cannot think the omen too serious or she would have taken a pig at least.) She came back saying that it is safe to travel, so we depart tomorrow.
On this day I was woken by the snorts and braying of the donkeys, and the iron ringed wheels of the two raedae they are pulling. We are to make an early start as builders’ carts are the only wagons allowed into the crowded streets during the day.
“Get a move on!” the driver was grumbling when I went outside. “I’ll be fined if we’re not through Hill Gate by dawn.”
I helped the others load the carriages with everything we would need on our journey. (Fortunately, we had little luggage: most of it had left on a train of mules yesterday.) Then we flung ourselves inside. And so we set off, driving along High Lane in complete darkness, guided by torches on the front most carriage.
By the time the sun rose, we had left the walls of Rome behind us and were travelling through fields of waving flowers. These made me long for Mytilini for is the Spring Hills there are a mass of different colours. These flowers though, were in rows and all alike, and Cestius tells me they are grown for the vases of the city. In other fields lettuce and vegetables grew and huge flocks of chickens scratched in the dust. The heat, the early start, the rocking of the carriage and the unchanging view (for the road was dead straight) all competed to see which would make me drowsy first. My head flopped, and I jerked it upright a dozen times before finally falling asleep. A loud shout woke me, and Cytheris grabbed my arm. I had slumped sideways and was about to fall out of the carriage tailgate. I was shaking like a reed in a gale when she pulled me back inside. The road is surfaced with square stones so that it may resist the heaviest wagons without breaking up. Worse, the shout had come from a postman riding his horse at a gallop. Between the hard road and his horse’s hooves, my head would have been well and truly broken had I fallen.
When at last, we arrived at the farm, it was dark once more. Marcus and Lucullus leaped down at the end of the drive, and raced ahead of us to the door, which was lit by torches. More of these cat puddles of light on a few patches of white wall and overhanging olive trees. Everything else disappeared into inky darkness.
Before we left Rome, I had dreamed that I would rush around the farm until I found Apollo, but I was so exhausted that I simply collapsed onto my bed and fell instantly asleep.
1. When did the coach driver need to be out of the Hill Gate?
2. Replace the word ‘omen’ with another word but keep the meaning the same; To check whether it was a bad ______________ my mistress went to the temple of Jupiter Tonans...
3. What made Lliona think of her home in Mytilini?
4. What made Lliona drowsy?
5. The author uses the simile, “I was shaking like a reed in a gale” to describe how Lliona was feeling when she was pulled back into the carriage. Why was Iliona shaking? How did she feel and why?
6. Do you think Iliona is going to see Apollo soon? Why?
As we approach half term you can set yourself your own challenge for the week. Below are a list of Roman names.
Roman names/ story characters:
* You could find out if any of these names have special meaning, some of them were names of gods.
* You could decide on what sort of characters these would be if you were to put them in a story, poem or play script. You could draw or sketch them or perhaps even make a mosaic!
* If you have time, motivation or opportunity you could use the names to inspire you to write a poem, story or playscript.
Finish the report on Roman life that you started on Wednesday. If you have made a PowerPoint you can send a copy using the Year 3 email address. We’d love to see what you’ve achieved!
Thursday 21st May
Starter of the day
Ask everyone in your house to share their favourite joke with you.
Watch the video on subtracting money then practise and check your answers.
Your starting amount is five pounds, choose an items to buy and then calculate how much you would have left over.
Create your own items to subtract from the starting value.
Reading: Extract 20
DAY 1 OF THE MONTH OF JULIUS, YEAR 860
This morning there was silence form the kitchen, which normally rings with the sound of water flowing endlessly from a pipe on the wall into a stone basin below.
“The aqueduct has burst once more!” my mistress exclaimed when she came down. In my home, water always comes from a well, never a spout in the wall. So she explained that our water here comes from springs four days’ journey away. “Its beautiful, clear water, but to flow here, it crosses deep valleys on high bridges. In other places if flows underground through tunnels. Because of its length- more than 60,000 paces- the channel is always leaking.”
In my first week in Rome, I had marvelled at the luxury of having water running in the house, but soon took it for granted. Now I appreciate it once more, for I have to pick up an amphora and join a long line of slaves at the fountain in the street outside.
We still have no water in the house. And today an errand took me past the aqueduct. From a gap in its side spills a great torrent of water that rushes down onto the rooves of the houses below. On the bridge I saw stonemasons at work trying to block the hole with bags of sand. Quite a crowd had gathered to watch, and I listened as a man shouted angrily at the supervisor of the water repairs. Judging from his fine, new toga, he was very wealthy.
“Why do the street fountains still flow when the water in my house has dried up?” the rich man demanded. “Beggars may drink, while my fountain is silent!”
The supervisor of the water repairs let out a deep sigh, before replying with exaggerated respect. “Because, sir, inside the castellum there is a barrier. Normally there is enough water to flow over it and into the pipes that lead into your fine abode-“ here he made a little bow- “however, if the aqueduct bursts or leaks, the level falls. Then your pipes are cut off, but water continues to flow to the public fountains in this way-“ he paused, before delivering his crushing last line- “the poorest citizens in Rome do not have the free water taken from them by those who can afford to pay for a supply to their own homes.” This bold responses brought a round of applause, for which we all expected the official would grovel to such a wealthy, important man. Sniffing defeat, he edged away, muttering, “Ah yes, I see..um, thank you for that clear explanation,” as he tried to hide his embarrassment.
1. In the extract above what does the expression “exaggerated respect” mean? (you may choose more than one option but try to explain what makes you think this)
a) The supervisor knows the man is wealthy and is being very polite.
b) The supervisor is a little annoyed by the wealthy man’s attitude
c) The supervisor knows more than the wealthy man
d) The wealthy man is very important and everyone should show him a lot of respect
2. Write out the following statements in the order they happened:
* Lliona was sent to the fountain to fill up a Roman vase with water
* A wealthy man came out of his house to complain about the water supply.
* The water in Lliona’s house stopped flowing
* The aqueduct sprung a leak
3. Match the words to their meaning
A large Roman vase made of terracotta
A garment in Roman times, usually semi-circular and worn draped over the shoulder and around the body.
A watercourse designed to carry water from far away to another place.
A shallow and sometimes narrow path, usually carrying water.
A person skilled in using tools to shape stone blocks or slabs.
Here are the next ten words from our Year 3 Spelling list:
You could use look, cover, spell check, spelling pyramids or post-it notes around the room (or other more inventive ways) to practise the spelling of these new words.
Remember you could also use the online game:
Select spooky spellings:
Carry on with the report on Roman life that you started yesterday.
Wednesday 20th May
Starter of the day
Make a list of ten things that you would like to do when lockdown is over in your neatest joined handwriting. We’d love it if you could share these with us.
Watch the video on adding money then practise and check your answers.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3mnUSIgt5Fs
Which four items could you buy if you only had five pounds and wanted to spend all of your money?
Can you introduce items of your own that have different prices and still spend all the money?
Reading: Extract 19
This day our master went to sit in the Senate, which always causes much upheaval. He dreads going, but loves it when he gets there. Making Rome’s laws makes him feel important, and he sees all his friends. Most are very old, and I suspect that they take secret bets on which of them will die first.
It was half way through the morning when my mistress let out a shriek. “Hell’s teeth, he’s left his medicine behind!” I looked round, and sure enough, in a niche by the door was my master’s flask of sea grape wine. “Iliona, take it to him, or truly he will cough his lungs up!”
I dashed to the Forum, and rushed through the door of the Senate House without stopping. Too late, I realised that the passage way led straight into the Senate chamber. I found myself surrounded by Rome’s greatest, richest men. The room fell silent.
“Young lady,” a senator finally addressed me, “I assume that your dramatic appearance is of the utmost importance, since the very future of Rome hangs upon the debate it interrupted.” Scanning the rows of seats, I spotted my master and held up the flask. “Senator Martius, you forgot your sea-grape wine.”
There was another unbearable silence. Then I heard a stifled snigger from a young senator at the back. One of his neighbours guffawed, and at length laughter echoed round the chamber. When it died down, someone shouted, “Take your potion, Gaius, your coughing has been driving us all mad!” As the laughter started again, a hand pulled the vial from my grip and it was passed back to my master. I didn’t wait to see him drink, but fled the chamber as quickly as I had entered it.
1. In this extract Iliona goes to the Forum. What do you think the Roman Forum was? What did the senators do there? Do we have anything like this today?
2. I love the word “guffawed”. I can use clues in the text, they are sniggering and laughing, to guess that the word may mean something similar. If I still want to find the meaning I could use a dictionary gaffaw (verb) laugh loudly and heartily. Choose at least 2 words from the text that interest or intrigue you. Guess at their meaning and check in a dictionary.
Explain which of the homophones shows the correct use of ‘there’. What should the other words be and can you explain what each of them mean?
Try creating your own sentences with there, their and they’re.
Over the last few weeks, you have learnt a lot about Roman life through your English and History lessons. For the next three “afternoon lessons”, we would like you to create a non-fiction text showing off what you have learnt. You can create a short book using paper, or if you prefer, create a PowerPoint using the skills you learnt last term. Make sure you include lots of interesting facts and pictures.You can find an example PowerPoint below this weeks learning.
Here are some headings to help you if you’d like to use them. You might have to do a little research for some topics. Have fun!
* Roman Invasion
* Roman Houses
* The Bathhouse
* Gladiators and Chariots
* Gods, Goddesses and Temples
* Food and Clothes.
Tuesday 19th May
Just a reminder to anyone who wanted to join in with the World’s largest choir singing ‘The Power in You’ (Performance date 2nd June) there is an online rehearsal today at 4pm. To find out how to register and join in you need to go to the website www.youngvoices.co.uk
Starter of the day
Draw a quick sketch of your face. Write down, around the outside, all of the reasons that you have to smile today.
Watch the video on converting between pounds and pence then practise and check your answers.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KDG3AQ0n1QI
Use your knowledge of converting money to match up the correct boxes.
Can you create your own amounts and represent them in all three ways?
Reading: Extract 18
Day XX OF JUNIUS
I am soon to see my brother again! As I sat with Lydia this afternoon, Cytheris came and told me that in one month we shall be travelling to my master’s estate in the Sabine Hills. We shall stay there through the hottest weeks of the summer- and I shall have the chance to spend some time with Apollo, if his work allows. I am glad, for he has not replied to any of the letters I sent him.
1. Think about your work on Roman houses or villas. Why might the family be moving to the estate in the country? What facilities did the Roman house have to make it more suitable during warm months?
Look at the graphs below: Average Temperatures in England
Be careful the scales on the axis are different!
2. What can you tell about the temperature during the summer months in Italy (Rome) compared to the average temperature in England?
Here is another version of the Romulus and Remus adventure story:
Romulus and Remus agreed to wait for a sign from the gods to determine which hill they should build their city on. Remus looked to the heavens and saw the sign of six vultures first, but quickly after Romulus claimed to have seen twelve.
“My sighting came first!” declared Remus.
“But I saw the greater number!” argued Romulus.
Each claimed that they had won. Their once friendly relationship began to turn sour.
Romulus ignored his brother and went on to build a wall around Palatine Hill. However, Remus was jealous and began to make fun of his brother.
“A wall brother? You’d better build it tall enough or I will leap it in a single bound!” he laughed.
Romulus’s face red from the effort of building his defences began to crease and frown. His blood began to boil in his veins. His twin, his brother was now looking increasingly like his enemy. It was not long before the cross words turned into blows and the twins began to fight.
The fighting continued becoming more fierce and aggressive as time passed. As much as the brothers had once loved each other they now hated each other with equal measure.
Finally, it was Romulus that landed the fatal blow. He killed his brother Remus. Surprisingly, a tear did not fall from Romulus’s eye. He was now free to build his city. Romulus returned to Palatine Hill and continued his work.
Romulus officially founded the city on April 21st, 753BC, making himself king and naming the city Rome after himself. He then began to organise his city. He divided his army into legions of 3,300 men. He called his 100 most noble men the Patricians and the elders of Rome the Senate. The city grew and prospered into one of the most powerful cities in the world, and would be for another 1,000 years.
What do you think of this?
Have a look at this online version: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qegAAhhH7Ao
You may have noticed some similarities and differences between the stories and of course your own!
You could make some notes about the differences you spotted.
Try and think about which version of the story you preferred (your story, the written story above or the online version). Explain why you preferred the version you chose, was it the language, the events, the action, the way it is presented?
How the stem helps to transport water to the flower
We have been learning lots about plants. Here is a little reminder about what plants need to grow.
Have you ever wondered how the water disappears in a vase of flowers? Well here is an experiment to show you what happens and where the water goes.
Normally in school we would do this experiment for you to watch. If you do have some white flowers and food dye, you could set up this experiment at home and watch the wonder of Science working before your own eyes. If not, watch this clip which shows what happens.
When you have finished write a short explanation which tells us how the water moves into the flower. Remember that labelled diagrams often help us to understand explanations.
Monday 18th May
Starter of the day
Write your name in bubble writing. Decorate it with different colours and patterns!
Can you use the internet to find out what your name means or where it came from?
Watch the video on using money then practise and check your answers.
John had five different coins in his wallet.
What is the greatest amount of money he could have in his wallet?
What is the least?
Reading: Extract 17
Day XV OF THE MONTH OF JUNIUS
Our complete household was in a state of great excitement at the thought of watching today’s triumph. All except for Cytheris, who had to stay behind and look after little Lydia. We had been fighting for a week over which of use would go. In the end Cestius tossed dice and I won, which threw Cytheris into a great sulk.
It was still dark when we left the house, but the streets were turned almost as bright as day by the torches of the people who had flocked to see the spectacle. They so crowded the street that my master and mistress were forced to abandon their sedan chairs, and walk like common people. They shuffled slowly to Octavian’s Walk, where the senators and other dignitaries were greet the emperor. I went with Marcus, Lucullus, Cestius and the other seven slaves to find a place to stand.
We seemed to wait forever before there was anything to look at. While we hopped impatiently from foot to foot, a terrific roar from the crowd told us the parade had begun, and a moment later soldiers in brilliant, shiny armour filled the road to bursting point. I looked for Cratinus, thinking I would spot him, but all the troops marched in perfect time. Then I saw the emperor himself, in a magnificent golden chariot drawn by four white horses. A slave held a laurel wreath above his head. He wore no helmet and I realised for the first time, he was just a man like any other. When I told Cestius I thought I had expected to see a god, he snorted. “All emperors think they’re gods.”
When Trajan and more of his troops and passed, I picked up my cloak. But Marcus hissed, “Not YET! WATCH!” Turning back, I thought I was seeing something magical. For round the corner came an entire building, several storeys in height. A hundred bearers carried in on their shoulders, moving at a brisk walk. Another of these great floats followed, then many more, so that the procession continued for another hour.
Following behind was a sad sight: thousands of chained prisoners taken captive in the war with the Dacians walked behind their leaders. These men all knew they were living their last minutes. The crowd now began to press towards the Forum to see that fate that awaits those who oppose the mighty Roman Empire. But I had no taste for this, and even the boys looked pale. We hurried home as well we could.
1. How did Lliona feel at the start of the diary entry today?
2. How had her feelings changed by the end?? What had caused her feelings to change?
3. What special treatment is given to the emperor?
4. Is Lliona impressed by the emperor? What gives you this impression?
5. What do you think of the parade? Would you have enjoyed seeing it?
Look back at your Romulus and Remus adventure story. Today we will evaluate your work leading into evaluating another version of the adventure story tomorrow.
1. Have you used capital letters and full stops? Are you sure, go on just give that a quick check!
2. What other items of punctuation have you used?
3. Pick out examples of exciting vocabulary from your adventure story (If you can choose one adjective, a powerful verb and an adverb)
4. What conjunctions did you use? Can you write two conjunctions from your story?
5. Show you punctuate direct speech by punctuating this sentence: Of course I can use inverted commas said the year 3 child.
6. How many paragraphs does your writing have?
7. Give your handwriting a score out of ten. Is it as neat (and joined) as your school work in your books? It should be!
8. As we cannot give out house points at the moment perhaps you could negotiate a suitable reward with your parents/ carers? Remember it is only a maximum of three!
I think I deserve ………………………. (ideas could include three extra minutes doing a task you enjoy, three sweet treats) because.......
Athletics is the sport of competing in track and field events, including running races and various competitions in jumping and throwing. This week we are going to focus on jumping. You will need a tape measure and a marker.
First of all you need to warm up your body.
1. Run on the spot for 2 minutes
2. Do 25 star jumps
3. Hop on each leg for 25 jumps.
4. Jump on the spot for 25 jumps.
5. Stretch out your arms and legs to make sure that you don’t hurt yourself.
Our first jump is the standing long jump. Watch the clip and tips below.
Now it is your turn.
Place a marker from where you begin to jump, then measure how far you can jump. Try this 5 times. What is your longest jump?
Our next jump if the high jump. Watch the clip and tips below.
Now it is your turn.
Try this 5 times. What is your highest jump?
Remember to cool down and stretch your muscles at the end!
One way to become more resilient is to change how we think about difficult situations. Helpful thinking can make you feel better about things. This activity is a good way to practise!
Pick three of the situations below to discuss with someone at home. For each situation you have chosen, first tell them what unhelpful thinking might be, then tell them how you could change this to helpful thinking.